You may be wondering why I’m writing about a teaspoon. It’s really quite simple (and only slightly eccentric). As I was measuring out exactly one Tablespoon of my Coffee Mate sugar free creamer this morning, I had the random thought “I wonder why they call this a Tablespoon”. I know we use spoons at tables, but we have “Fork” and “Knife” with a silent K, so where in the world did we determine Tablespoons and Teaspoons? Salad Fork is kind of a “duh” , as is a Steak Knife. I decided to research it a bit and write about the Tablespoon, and then realized its little brother, the teaspoon, should also be represented. So here it is, the history of the Teaspoon.
It all starts with tea, which has been around since 2300 BC (discovered by Shan Nong, a Chinese Emperor according to legend). From 2300 BC through 400 AD, tea was used primarily for medicinal benefits (that means it wasn’t used on those cold winter mornings when a blanket, a window and a cup of tea was the perfect morning). Around 400 AD however, it all changed, and as many things do, it changed beginning with the upper class. The upper class Chinese began presenting packages of tea to others, which was considered a highly esteemed gift, and drinking it at social events and in their homes.
Fast forward 1200 years (1600 AD) and now China had begun to trade tea with the Dutch and Portguguese, and by extension, Britain and Holland. Tea was rare in the west (Britain) at this time, and typically it was the aristocracy who had the privilege of drinking the steaming beverage. It was considered a status symbol, and was a catalyst in bringing maritime technology to Britain such as the Clipper, a ship designed to be faster than the other vessels at the time, and was used for, you guessed it, delivering tea from China to Britain and keeping it fresher by delivering it faster.
While the history of tea is fascinating (trust me, I could continue) this is where we break from its history to the creation of the teaspoon. As tea was so rare and highly sought after, it was used sparingly, thus the creation of a “teacup”, which is typically smaller than coffee cups. As this time, a teaspoon measured 1 fluid dram (or drachm), 1/4 of a tablespoon, or 1/8 of a fluid ounce. During the next 150 years as tea gained in popularity and ease of acquisition, the teaspoon and teacups began to increase in size, until the 1700s when the sizes were 1 1/3 fluid dram, 1/3 of a tablespoon, or 1/6 of a fluid ounce (which we know and love today each time we use a teaspoon).
Now, let’s take this full circle. The tea-spoon terminology started in the 1600-1700s, along with table-spoon, coffee-spoon, dessert-spoon and soup-spoon. It was a fad of spoons that continues even today in the little collectible silver spoons that have various emblems on them.